Types Of Fishing – How Many Types Are There And Their PROs CONs

How Many Types of Fishing Are There?

There are more than a hundred types of fishes in the sea. Thus humans have also created various types of method and techniques to catch them. Fishing techniques involve knowledge of fishes, and It includes fish types, fish behavior, and fish migration pattern. There are also different types of fishermen like recreational, commercial and artisanal. These fishers use different techniques which include hand-gathering, spearfishing, angling, netting, and trapping. In this article, we’ll learn all about fishing and its various types.

Seiners Fishing

Seiner Fishing

Seine fishing method uses nets to catch the catch. In this technique, a large fishing net slung into the water. The weight attached at the bottom holds the mesh and top of the mesh is floated on the water using buoyed floats. The Seine technique maybe installed on running river streams, and Fishers use seiners fishing for commercial purposes. Ships and boats are used to install fishing nets. These boats are called seiner boats.

Two types of seine nets are employed using boats. One is purse seines, and another one is Danish seines.

Purse Seines Type Of Fishing

Purse seines are one of the most common and widely used seine fishing technique. In this method, a line called purse line passes through the rings of the net in the bottom. Once purse line is pulled it forces rings to come close to each other. This action prevents fishes from escaping. Purse seining is sustainable fishing technique. A purse seine is used to catch fishes that are close to the surface of the water. These fishes include herring, mackerel, sardines and some species of tuna. It is one fine type of fishing.

There are pros and cons of purse seine fishing.

Pros of Purse Seine Fishing

  • Less weight of the nets.
  • Chance of fish escaping the nets is minimum.
  • A sustainable method of fishing.

Cons of Purse Seine Fishing

  • Purse Seine fishing not suitable for adverse weather conditions.
  • This method is not reliable for catching deep-water fishes.

Danish Seine

Danish Seine

Danish seine fishing technique is also known as anchor seine fishing. This technique employs two large conical shaped fishing nets. These fishing nets consist of two large bags which collects fishes. Danish seine technique is similar to a small fishing trawler technique.

Pros of Danish Seine

  • Effective fishing technique.
  • A cheap and economical method of catching fishing.
  • Commercially viable way.

Cons of Danish Seine

  • By-catch increases.
  • Chances of fish escaping the nets increase during the drag.

Fishing Trap Setters

Trap Fishing

Fishing trap setters is a fishing method that uses traps to catch fish. Trap setters are large boats which are used to set pots and traps to catch fishes like lobsters, crabs, crayfish and shrimps, etc. Fish trap designs are the most essential part of this method. Traps are set and left on the sea ground for a few days. These traps use different technology like echo sound waves and baits to catch the fish. After one to three days these traps are retrieved. Trap setter boats contain a facility to assemble the trap and the onboard crane that is used to lower and retrieve the traps. You can go any of the finest places for fishing in the world with family for being fishing trap setter.

Pros of Trap Setters

  • A useful technique for catching crabs and lobsters
  • Less number of by-catches.
  • More profits.

Cons of Trap Setters

  • Large traps can damage seafloor.
  • Time-consuming technique.

Gillnetters Fishing


Gillnetting is the great fishing technique used for commercial fishing. This method of fishing can be used in oceans and fresh waters. Gillnetting fishing consists of vertical netting panels. These net hang from a line with the help of buoyed floats. These buoyed floats are called corks and line on which nets hang is called cork line.

Different types of gillnet fishing gears are classified as follows:

Set Gillnets

This type of gillnet consists of a single net panel which is hanged vertically by cork line. Small floats or corks shaped like egg are placed above the cork line to keep the net floating on the top. Weights hold the bottom of the net. This technique can be applied using a boat or by hands.

Encircling Gillnets

In this method, netting panels are set vertically at shallow depth. The cork line remains on the surface to enclose the fish. In this method, small boats are used to encircle the fish or to set the net. Once the fisher surrounds the fish, they start splashing the water to scare the fish. The purpose of scaring fish is that they entangle or gill themselves. This technique is used by small local fishers which don’t need any particular set of equipment.

Drift Nets

Drift Net

In this method, the panels of the net are set free to float with the current. Drift nets are attached to the slowly moving boats or vessels. Floats hold the top of the bet and some weight in the bottom holds the bottom of the mesh. The net drifts along the current to catch the fish. Fishes fished with drift net include tuna, salmon and squid.

Pros of Gillnetting Fishing

  • Doesn’t harm the seafloor because its net panel is fragile and lightweight.
  • Large quantities of fish fished in a single run.
  • Can be used in fresh water.

Cons of Gillnetting Fishing

  • Increases chances of by-catch are the major gillnetting problems.

Fishing Dredgers

Fishing Dredgers

Fishing dredge is the technique for targeting fishes like oysters, scallops, clams, crabs, and sea cucumber. In this technique, a large metal frame designed like a scoop is built. This scoop is covered with mesh and it has an open front side. This large metal frame is towed with the help of a ship and is dragged on the seafloor. There are many environmental hazards affiliated with the type of fishing technique. It is known as a good fishing type.

Pros of Fishing Dredgers

  • Dredgers are effective in meeting the demands of the local fish market.
  • With this technique, a large number of fishes can be caught in a single run.

Cons of Fishing Dredgers

  • This technique can damage seafloor severely.
  • With this method, the fisher can scoop the species which were not the target.

Fishing Lift Netters

Fishing Lift Netters

Lift netter fishing method is similar to gill netting and seiner fishing techniques. This method also nets to catch the fish. In this method mechanical winches are installed on the ships; these winches are used to deploy and retrieve the nets. In this method fishers also use powerful lights; these lights help in attracting fishes to the surface. Lift netter fishing technique can be used in both deep and shallow depths. There are three types of lift netters which are as follow:

Portable Nets

Artisanal fishers use portable nets. These portable nets are used with the hands instead of any boat or ships. These portable nets consist of spherical frames and an open end to catch the fishes

Vessel Operated Lift Nets

These lift nets work with the ship. The boat operated lift net consist of the horizontal net panel and U-shaped bags that are underside the nets to catch the fish. Commercial fishers use this technique.

Stationary Lift Nets

These nets are also used by artisanal fishers and are operated with hand. Nets are not dragged, unlike boat operated lift nets. These nets are placed on the target area and remain still.

Pros of Life Netting

  • Low environmental risk.
  • Less number of by-catch.
  • Unwanted fish gets caught, it can be released into the water without harm.

Cons of Lift Netting

  • A hard and difficult technique to be used onshore.
  • By-catch increases with a boat operated lift nets.

Handline Fishing

Handline Fishing

Handline fishing is one of the oldest forms of fishing. In this technique of fishing, the fishing line is held in hand. Hooks with baits and lures are attached to the fishing line. In this method, fishers can assign one or more pegs. People confuse this technique with hand-fishing.

In this method, once the bait is thrown into the water, it is then trolled and moved up down to attract the fish.

Saltwater Fishes Caught with Handline Fishing

With this technique of fishing, saltwater fishes can be caught which mostly include ground-fish and squid. Other fishes include herrings, forage, Bluefin tuna, and shark.

Freshwater Fishes Caught with Handline Fishing

Freshwater fishes caught with this technique include panfish, walleye, trout, salmon, and redfish.

Pros of Handline Fishing

  • No by-catches.
  • The easy and effective type of fishing.
  • This technique can be used in both fresh and salt water.
  • This method can be used as a hobby, fun, and adventure.

Cons of Handline Fishing

  • Cannot be used for catching fish in deep waters.
  • Time taking method.

Longline Fishing Vessels


Longline fishing is another type of fishing technique used to catch fishes. This method is also used on commercial levels because of a high number of catches. Long line fishing is similar to the trawler fishing vessel. However, there is a little difference between the ship. In trawler vessel, many fishing lines or cords are used to with hooks and bait attached. Long line fishing vessel uses just a single long rope with at least one thousand lures attached to it.

Long line fishing vessel installs the fishing line with the help of automated system onboard. The automated system helps the line to remain in its position. This automatic system also helps in storing the fishes effectively.

Long line fishing is also one of the most dangerous forms of fishing in terms of safety. This method is also banned in several countries because of the number of by-catches.

Pros of Longline Fishing

  • Can be used in deep waters.
  • With this method, the fisher can catch a thousand fishes in a single run.
  • More fishes mean more profits.

Cons of Longline Fishing

  • Increased environmental risk.
  • Increased number of by-catch.
  • Risk of injuries has also been increased.

FAQ’s About Fishing Types

Question: How does a seine netting work?

This technique works by hanging nets vertically with the help of float on the top and weight on the bottom.

Question: What does purse seine fishing mean?

In this method, a line called purse line passes through the net rings. When the purse line is pulled, the rings move close to each other creating a purse shape. Pull action make it difficult for fishes to swim and escape.

Question: Why is longline fishing harmful?

It’s harmful because of a large number of by-catches.

Question: How long do fishers stay at sea?

Fishers usually spend 14 to 20 hours in the sea. They can stay as long as seven to 28 days depending upon the type of ship and weather conditions.

Question: How long is longline fishing?

Long fishing line can be as long as 50 kilometers.

Question: How to set a gill net in a river?

Bottom gill net can be used in the river with the help of the boat.

Question: What is gillnet fishing?

It’s a commercial fishing technique which uses nets hanging vertically in the target area.

Question: Is gill netting illegal?

Gillnetting is illegal in some states of the US while in others it’s heavily regulated.

Question: How does dredging affect fishing?

With increased suspended sediments because of dredging technique, it becomes hard for fishes to find food. This method also damages fish gills which affect the ability of fishes to grow and swim.

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